Electro-acupuncture simply uses a machine to introduce a gentle electric current to an inserted needle. The current acts to stimulate the needle and, as such, can have a stronger effect on improving blood flow and reducing pain than the needle alone.
Moxibustion is a form of heat therapy where the herb Artemisia (mugwort) is used to heat the surface of the body or a needle. The herb penetrating power is the reason it has such strong therapeutic properties for relieving pain.
Cupping therapy involves the use of either glass or plastic cups in which a vacuum is introduced that produces suction at the site causing the skin to be sucked into the cup. The cups can be left stationary, or they can be slid across the body. Both techniques are extremely comfortable and have a massage like quality. If the individual has significant circulatory blockage, it is not unusual for the cups to leave red or purple marks at the site. These marks are completely normal and are part of the healing process. They usually disappear within a few days.